Deep in your printer are millions of explosions that you don’t even know about. Now, we usually don’t think of our printers as anything special, but there is lots of science taking place to make your documents come to life. Inside of your printer, bubbles push ink through small microscopic holes to make dots on a page that will become letters and numbers and symbols.
But these are no ordinary bubbles. You could put over one and a half million of these bubbles in a square inch (a little over a postage stamp). These bubbles are created by heating the ink with very tiny electrical resistors, like those in your toaster, but the ink is heated so quickly that it doesn’t actually boil. The ink is heated to over 650 Fahrenheit (350C). At this temperature, the ink doesn’t boil, it explodes in what’s called a super heated vapour explosion .
Now, the concept of using bubbles to print have been around since the 1950s, and full disclosure, I worked at HP and worked on ink jet.
So how does printing happen? We send a pattern of electrical pulses that activate the resisters in order to produce a pattern of dots on the paper. One of those pulses, which last for about a millionth of a second, causes a bubble to form. The bubble pushes the drop out the nozzle and the drop lands on paper in a pattern that reproduces characters and graphic images. And, voila, you have the makings of an image.
To make an image, there are nozzles for black, cyan, magenta, and yellow ink. When combined in the right proportion, all the colors of the rainbow are possible and the quality is on par with a photograph.
And ink jet is everywhere. The next time you see a bus driving down the street with a beautiful color graphic on the side it is most likely that it was printed on ink jet. Ink jet is also used for banners, CDs, and even t-shirts.
So bubbles print and their work is everywhere. They give life more pop.